Finance Planning Department District Haripur

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Home Departments About Education Department

About Education Department

INTRODUCTION

Education is a basic human right without which socio-economic development cannot be imagined. Ensuring continuity and fostering creativity and change are the two functions of education, which are related to understanding, knowledge, attitudes, and behavior.

Therefore, expenditure on education is considered as a cost effective investment, as it brings the highest return in various forms. The quality of education, which we impart to our children today, provides the future leadership to steer the country successfully or otherwise. Successive governments have targeted the universal primary education, access to continuing education, facilities and improvement in quality of education at all levels, but the targets achieved so far are only partial.

 

Keeping in view the paramount importance of education, it is imperative to take every possible step to lay a strong foundation of education system.Eduaction plan must be chalked out in advance. Every District should have its own strategies to set education targets and ways to achieve them. For this purpose a comprehensive strategic plan is to be devised for every district.
1. District Profile

History

Ancient and medieval period

Sikh annexation

British India

Administrative

2. General Information

Population

Union Councils and Schools

  • Maps of District Haripur
  • Climate
  • Agriculture
  • Industries
  • District Traits
  • Socio-Economic Indicators
  • Geography

· Demographics

  • Languages
  • Education
  • Educational Hierarchical Structure
  • Literacy rate
  • GER
  • NER
  • Tehsils
  • Capacity Building


Acronyms

Ø ADO Assistant District Officers

Ø DDEO                         Deputy District Education Officers

Ø DEO                            District Education Officer

Ø EDO Executive District Officer

Ø EFA                            Education For All

Ø ESR                             Education Sector Reform

Ø GER                            Gross Enrolment Rate

Ø MTDF                        Medium Term Development Framework

Ø NEC                            National Education Census

Ø NEMIS                       National Education Management Information System

Ø NER                            Net Enrolment Rate

Ø NIPS                           National Institute of Population Studies

Ø PSDP                          Public Sector Development Program

Ø UCs                             Union Councils


History

Ancient and medieval period

The Haripur district is situated at the heart of the ancient Gandhara civilization. At the time of Alexander the region including Taxila was known as "Eastern Gandhara", with its boundaries reaching as far as Kashmir. Geographically it lies on either side of the Sindu River,(Indus the River Goddess of Rigveda), near the Tarbela Reservoir. Most historians believe that the Aryans must have composed a number of Vedic hymns on the banks of Indus. During the kingship of his fatherBindusara, the Maharaja Ashoka ruled this region as governor and, according to Tibetan Buddhist traditional stories,he is died here.

Sikh annexation

The Sikhs annexed Hazara in two stages. Upper Hazara suffered a similar fate when the Sikhs took Kashmir from the Barakzai Afghans in 1819.[1] The town of Haripur (meaning 'Hari's town') was founded in 1822 by Hari Singh Nalwa the Commander-in-Chief of Ranjit Singh's army following advice from Mukkadam Musharaf of Kot Najibullah. On the successful completion of his tenure as Governor of Kashmir in 1821, Pakhli and Damtaur were bestowed upon Nalwa as a jagir in 1822. As soon as Hari Singh Nalwa received this grant, he built the walled town of Haripur in the heart of the Haripur plain with the fort of Harkishan Garh encircled by a deep trench. The site selected by Hari Singh had previously seen some of the fiercest encounters between Sikhs and the local tribes.

British India

Hari Singh's name and the presence of his fort at Harkishangarh eventually brought a feeling of security to the region. In 1835, Baron Heugel, a German traveller found only remnants of the four-yard thick and 16 yard high wall built to initially protect the town.[2]

The sole example of a planned town in this region until the British built Abbottabad many years later, Haripur continued to grow and flourish to eventually became a city and later a district.

Haripur once bore the official name of Haripur Hazara and was the capital of Hazara until 1853 when the new capital Abbottabad was built, named after Indian Army officer James Abbott, the first deputy commissioner of Hazara (1849–1853). In March 1849, the Punjab was annexed by the British Empire. In Abbott's time as under former Sikh domination, Haripur was the district headquarters of Hazara, but soon after he departed, Abbottabad took its place. Abbott later painted a noted picture of the town of Haripur and its commanding fort of Harkishangarh.

Administration

The District of Haripur was a Tehsil, or sub-division of Abbottabad District, until 1992 when it separated and became a district in its own right. The district is presently (2010–2011) represented in the provincial assembly by four elected MPAs. One Member is elected to the National/Federal Assembly from the district.

Haripur District is divided into two Tehsils, further subdivided into 45 Union Councils of which 15 are urban Union Councils.


Population

Area

1725 Sq.Kms.

Population - 1998

692228 persons

Male

345561 (49.92 %)

Female

346667 (50.08 %)

Sex Ratio (males per 100 females)

99.7

Populaltion Density

401.3 per Sq. Km

Urban Population

82735 (11.95 %)

Rural Population

609493 (88.05 %)

Average Household Size

6.6

Literacy Ratio (10 +)

53.7 %

Male

70.5 %

Female

37.4 %

Population - 1981

479031 persons

Average Annual Growth Rate (1981 - 98)

2.19 %

Total Housing Units

104407

Pacca Housing Units

86567 (82.91 %)

Housing Units having Electricity

79694 (76.33 %)

Housing Units having Piped Water

51766 (49.58 %)

Housing Units using Gas for Cooking

14801 (14.17 %)

Administrative Units

Tehsils

02

Union Councils

45

Mauzas

361

Municipal Committees

02

Town Committees

-

  • Climate

The climate of the district is mildly hot in summer and very cold in winter. High temperatures recorded in the month of June average 32.4 degree Celsius (maximum) while the lows of January average 1.8 degree (minimum). Annual rainfall is recorded as 1,366 millimeters with July and August being more rainy months in summer and February and March in winter. This is very high rainfall if compared with other parts of the country. The whole country south of central Punjab receives not more than 125mm rainfall in a year while the central and part of northern Pakistan receives not more than 250 mm of annual rainfall.

  • Agriculture

District Agriculture Officer Zulfiqar Ahmed confirmed the target figure and said the weather is expected to be favourable for achieving the target output.

In 1999-2000, the total area under cultivation was 77,875 hectares and the area under forests was 57,398 hectares2, far below than acceptable standards. The land use and cropping intensity were 73.6 percent and 109 percent respectively2. Average per hectare yield of major crops such as maize, rice, and wheat is 1,346 kgs, 917 kgs, and 1,526 kgs respectively2. The agriculture land holding is less than 2.5 acres per household3.

· Industries
Haripur District is comparatively more industrialized than other districts in the NWF Province. Hattar Industrial area is a very big area with round about 200 factories. There are many biggest factory units here like Telephone Factory, Hazara fertilizers, Pak-China fertilizers etc. Furthermore, many small and big industrial factories are made in the Hattar industrial state such as Dewan Salman Fibre and Heavy Electrical Complex. Because of these industries this district is playing an important role at country level in the economic development.


Since the Haripur has developed situation of medium and big industries, its role in the agricultural field is also admirable. This district especially provides fruits and vegetable not only to Peshawar but also to Islamabad and the Punjab. There is more likelihood of social and economical development due to the project of Ghazi Brotha and motorway from Peshawar to Islamabad.

  • District Traits

v Social Setup

Conservative and Joint Family system exist in District Haripur.

v Tribal

Different tribal exist in District Haripur in which most prominent tribes are Tareen, Gujar, Mashwani & Awan.

v Sectarian

In Haripur no sectarianism is exist but different religious thought and ideology is exist.

v Main Segment

Majority of the peoples in District Haripur are belonging to lower middle class.

  • Socio-Economic Indicators:-

There could be many indicators to measure SES but six have been identified to include in this study, which are as follows:

v Education

v Occupation

v Income

v Material possessed

v Servants

v Means of transportation

Geography

Haripur's geography is divisible into four regions. The first Maidan-e-Hazara consists of plainarea of Haripur district surrounded by the mountains of Tanawal in north, Koh-e-Gandgar in the west and Khanpur in the South. Haripur city and the majority of the villages of the district are situated in this region. The second region Tanawal which

is mainly mountainous is subdivided into upper and lower Tanawal lying in the north of Maidan-e-Hazara. A major part of lower Tanawal is sandwiched between Maidan-e-Hazara and upper Tanawal. This remote part of the district is linked with Haripur by Chapper road also known as Shahrah-e-Tanawal. The third region is Khanpur Punjkahta, which is a well-watered plain lying in the south-eastern corner of the district. The last and fourth region is Chhach (Maidan-e-Khari) in the west of Haripur city. This entire tract is now submerged under the reservoir of Tarbela Dam.

Haripur comprises of lush green plains surrounded by mountains with a number of water resources.The district occupies an area of 1,725 square kilometer. It falls in the middle in the list of 24 NWFP districts both with respect to area and population. Malakand is the smallest of NWFP districts while Chitral is the biggest in area. Haripur can be called a S o u t h  A s i a P a r t n e r s h i p - P a k i s t a n medium sized district of the province. The area of 15 out of 24 NWFP districts does not exceed 2,000 square kilometer. The most populated districts in the province are smaller in area.

Demographics

As of the 1998 census, Haripur's population was 692,228, but was estimated to have increased to 803,000 in 2005. Of these people, 12.0% live in urban districts with the remaining 88.0% resident in rural areas.

The population is spread over an area of 1,725 square kilometres (666 sq mi), with a population density of 401.3 persons per km²,[5] this compares to an average population density of 233 persons per km², in the Hazara as whole. The average household size of the district is 6.6 persons compared to 8 at the provincial level. Agriculture is the predominant livelihood of the rural population while the total arable area is 77,370 acres (313.1 km²).

Language

According to the 1998 District Census Report, Hindko and Urdu are the predominant languages of the district and are spoken by more than 70% of the total population. Other languages spoken include Gojri, Potohari, Pashto and Pahaari.

Education

Haripur District has a government funded post graduate college, which provides higher level education, as well as 05 colleges for girls which are also funded by the government to provide higher education for girls coming from all over the city.

In 2011–2012, Haripur had 1011 government primary schools, including 671 for boys and 340 for girls. In addition to government primary schools, 164 mosque schools were also functional in the district during this period.

The 1011 government primary schools. Enrollment of the Primary School Boys students are 55508 and the enrollment of the Girls students at Primary level 33058. The district had 119 middle schools (69 for boys and 50 for girls), during 2011-12, 109 High School in District (67 Boys & 42 Girls) and 14 Higher Secondary Schools (08 Boys & 6 Girls).

Mosque schools were introduced under the National Education Policy in 1979 at the time of Fifth Five-Year Plan (1978–83). Such establishments are organized on the basis of 20–30 students, normally under one PTC teacher and an Imam of the mosque as staff members. They have a shorter teaching programme (about four hours a day), the same curriculum as primary schools and also teach Quran-e-Nazira (recitation of the Quran). Students qualifying from such schools are eligible for admission to formal schools for higher education.

Other educational establishments include Telecom Boy's Public School & College, Hazara Public School and College Haripur, Janah Jamia Public School and college, the Government Higher Secondary School Kakotri, Polytechic College, Government Commerce College, Kausar Public School and College, Progressive International Academy, Khalabat townshp, Quid-e-Azam public School and College, KTS (Haripur), Foundation Public High School, Kangra Colony, Haripur Progressive International Academy, Khalabat township.Shaheen Public School Sikandarpur and The Educators Haripur campus.

Educational Hierarchical Structure

District Haripur is divided into six education circles. The district government, through District Education Officer (DEO) Elementary & Secondary Education Male and Female, manages Primary, Middle and Secondary education, whereas the responsibility of managing College and Teacher education lies with the provincial government. The District Elementary & Secondary Education Department comprises 23 officers who are responsible for running day-to-day affairs of the schools in the district. It comprises Two DEO, One District Officers (DOs), Two Sub Divisional Officers (SDOs), and 18 Assistant District Officers (ADOs).

Each circle in the district is managed by the ADO, who is responsible to submit a weekly data report after spending three days in circle office, conducting a two days inspection, and spending one day at the district headquarters. Several officials help DEO /DO in managing the educational affairs of the district. To provide more time to DOs for school inspection, supervision and monitoring, DEO is also invested the administrative powers. The DEO /DO assisted by ADO Establishment is responsible for office work of establishment branch. The ADO Physical Education assists DEO in managing the sports activities and ADO Planning and Development helps in managing accounts, budget, planning and development activities.

GER in Primary Level Institutions (Govt., Non-Govt. Schools and Deeni Madaris

Government                                       66%

Non-Government                              35%

Deeni Madaris                                   1%

Out of Schools/Unknown                 -2%

Overall GER                                       102%

NER in Primary Level Institutions (Govt., Non-Govt. Schools and Deeni Madaris

Government                                       49%

Non-Government                              28%

Deeni Madaris                                               1%

Out of Schools/Unknown                  22%

Overall NER                                       78%

Literacy rate

The overall literacy rate in 2008-09 the Haripur district is 68% and Haripur is on second position in Khyber Pakhtoon Khwa as a whole. The female literacy rate is 56% compared to male literacy of 81%.

No

District

PCO 1981

PCO 1998

PSLM 2004-05 (10+)

MICS 2008 (10+)

PSLM 2008-09 (10+)

 

Male

Female

Both

Male

Female

Both

Male

Female

Both

Male

Female

Both

Male

Ranking on Male

Female

Ranking on Female

Both

Ranking on Both

2

Haripur

39.00

10.50

24.90

70.50

37.40

53.70

74

42

57

78.80

44.00

61.70

81

3

56

2

68

2

1. PCO (Population Census Organization)

2. PSLM (Pakistan Social Living Measurement)

3. MICS (Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey)


Tehsils

Haripur has two Tehsils namely Haripur and Ghazi. Ghazi is a city-less tehsil while only two urban localities of the district are in Haripur tehsil where 12 per cent of the district's population lives. The larger of the two cities, Haripur, has a population of just over 60 thousand, according to a 2008 estimate. The other urban locality is Khalabat town, which has a population of 41 thousand. The rest 88per cent of the population resides in 354 rural localities.

Capacity Building:

  1. Pre Service

All newly selected teachers are fully trained and selection is purely based on their diploma or certificate like CT, PTC, and DM etc in education department. Therefore all teachers are fully trained when they entered in education department. Government RITE institute play a vital role in pre service training of teachers.

  1. Post Service

During the service Education Department arranged the trainings and workshops for teachers in collaboration with NGOs and Private Sectors.

 

 

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